16 Questions On The Assassination
ABC's Simulation: Spectacular Disinformation
Inaugural Address President John F. Kennedy
JFK, The Tramps And 9/11
John F. Kennedy vs The Federal Reserve
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Biography
Luis Posada Carriles' U.S. Asylum Application Re-Opens JFK Unsolved Assassination Case
Marie Muchmore Film Restored
Mossad And The JFK Assassination
National Security Action Memorandum No. 263
Nightmare On Elm Street
November 22, 1963
The Federal Reserve And Executive Order 11110
The Guns Of Dallas
The Long-Withheld Orville Nix Film
Vietnam, the CIA's Illegal Drug Trafficking, and JFK's Assassination
View The Abraham Zapruder Film
Why Nixon Resigned Instead Of Facing Impeachment
And The JFK Assassination
need not apologize for the assassination
or destruction of those who seek to destroy it.
The first order of business for any country
is the protection of its people."
Washington Jewish Week, October 9, 1997
March, 1992, Illinois Representative Paul Findley said in The
Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, "It is interesting
- but not surprising - to note that in all the words written
and uttered about the Kennedy assassination, Israel's intelligence
agency, the Mossad, has never been mentioned."
that the Mossad is quite possibly the most ruthless and efficient
intelligence agency in the world, it is peculiar that they have
never been scrutinized in relation to the Kennedy assassination,
especially when practically every other entity in the world
(short of Elvis impersonators) has been implicated. But that
all changed in January, 1994 with the release of Michael Collins
Piper's Final Judgment. In this book, Piper says, "Israel's
Mossad was a primary (and critical) behind the scenes player
in the conspiracy that ended the life of JFK. Through its own
vast resources and through its international contacts in the
intelligence community and in organized crime, Israel had the
means, it had the opportunity, and it had the motive to play
a major frontline role in the crime of the century - and it
Their motive? Israel's much touted Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion,
who ruled that country from its inception in 1948 until he resigned
on June 16, 1963, was so enraged at John F. Kennedy for not
allowing Israel to become a nuclear power that, Collins asserts,
in his final days in office he commanded the Mossad to become
involved in a plot to kill America's president.
Ben-Gurion was so convinced that Israel's very survival was
in dire jeopardy that in one of his final letters to JFK he
said, "Mr. President, my people have the right to exist,
and this existence is in danger."
In the days leading up to Ben-Gurion's resignation from office,
he and JFK had been involved in an unpublicized, contentious
debate over the possibility of Israel getting nuclear capabilities.
Their disagreement eventually escalated into a full-fledged
war of words that was virtually ignored in the press. Ethan
Bronner wrote about this secret battle between JFK and Ben-Gurion
years later in a New York Times article on October 31, 1998,
calling it a "fiercely hidden subject." In fact, the
Kennedy/Ben-Gurion conversations are still classified by the
United States Government. Maybe this is the case because Ben-Gurion's
rage and frustration became so intense - and his power so great
within Israel - that Piper contends it was at the center of
the conspiracy to kill John Kennedy. This stance is supported
by New York banker Abe Feinberg, who describes the situation
as such: "Ben-Gurion could be vicious, and he had such
a hatred of the old man [Joe Kennedy, Sr., JFK's father]."
Ben-Gurion despised Joe Kennedy because he felt that not only
was he an anti-Semite, but that he had also sided with Hitler
during the 1930's and 40's. [We will touch upon this aspect
of the story in an upcoming article entitled The CIA and Organized
Crime: Two Sides of the Same Coin].
Anyway, Ben-Gurion was convinced that Israel needed nuclear
weapons to insure its survival, while Kennedy was dead-set against
it. This inability to reach an agreement caused obvious problems.
One of them revolved around Kennedy's decision that he would
make America his top priority in regard to foreign policy, and
not Israel! Kennedy planned to honor the 1950 Tripartite Declaration
which said that the United States would retaliate against any
nation in the Middle East that attacked any other country. Ben-Gurion,
on the other hand, wanted the Kennedy Administration to sell
them offensive weapons, particularly Hawk missiles.
The two leaders thus engaged in a brutal letter exchange, but
Kennedy wouldn't budge. Ben-Gurion, obsessed by this issue,
slipped into total paranoia, feeling that Kennedy's obstinance
was a blatant threat to the very existence of Israel as a nation.
Piper writes, "Ben-Gurion had devoted a lifetime creating
a Jewish State and guiding it into the world arena. And, in
Ben-Gurion's eyes, John F. Kennedy was an enemy of the Jewish
people and his beloved state of Israel." He continues,
"The 'nuclear option' was not only at the very core of
Ben-Gurion's personal world view, but the very foundation of
Israel's national security policy."
Ben-Gurion was so preoccupied with obtaining nuclear weapons
that on June 27, 1963, eleven days after resigning from office,
he announced, "I do not know of any other nation whose
neighbors declare that they wish to terminate it, and not only
declare, but prepare for it by all means available to them.
We must have no illusions that what is declared every day in
Cairo, Damascus, and Iraq are just words. This is the thought
that guides the Arab leaders
I am confident
science is able to provide us with the weapons that will serve
the peace and deter our enemies."
Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, published by Columbia University
Press, reinforces this sense of urgency by writing, "Imbued
with lessons of the Holocaust, Ben-Gurion was consumed by fears
Anxiety about the Holocaust reached beyond
Ben-Gurion to infuse Israel's military thinking." He further
adds fuel to this point by pointing out, "Ben-Gurion had
no qualms about Israel's need for weapons of mass destruction,"
and "Ben-Gurion's world view and his decisive governing
style shaped his critical role in instigating Israel's nuclear
Kennedy, on the other hand, was adamant in his refusal to promote
Israel's ascension to the nuclear stage. Avener Cohen, in Israel
and the Bomb, stresses, "No American president was more
concerned with the danger of nuclear proliferation than John
Fitzgerald Kennedy. He was convinced that the spread of nuclear
weapons would make the world more dangerous and undermine U.S.
interests." Cohen continues at the end of this passage,
"The only example Kennedy used to make this point was Israel."
Realizing that Kennedy would not change his mind, Ben-Gurion
decided to join forces with Communist China. Both countries
were greatly interested in creating nuclear programs, and so
began their secret joint dealings. Working in unison through
intermediary Shaul Eisenberg, who was a partner of Mossad gun-runner
and accountant Tibor Rosenbaum, Israel and China proceeded to
develop their own nuclear capabilities without the knowledge
of the United States.
If you find this scenario improbable, I strongly urge you to
read Gordon Thomas' excellent book, Seeds of Fire, where he
exposes how the Mossad and CSIS (Chinese secret service) have
conspired on many occasions to not only steal American military
secrets, but to also doctor U.S. intelligence programs such
as the Justice Department's PROMISE software. This instance,
I am afraid to say, is but the first where echoes of the JFK
assassination can still be felt today reverberating through
our post 9-11 world. The danger of Israel developing the Bomb
in unison with China became a highly volatile situation, and
was closely monitored by the CIA.
Intent on pursuing this path, the Israeli's constructed a nuclear
facility at Dimona. When Kennedy demanded that the U.S. inspect
this plant, Ben-Gurion was so incensed that he erected another
PHONY facility that held no evidence of nuclear research and
development. (Does this scenario sound eerily familiar to the
game we're playing with Saddam Hussein in Iraq right now?) Fully
aware of their shenanigans, though, JFK told Charles Bartlett,
"The sons of bitches lie to me constantly about their nuclear
Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, reiterates this claim by
saying that Ben-Gurion had taken the nuclear issue so closely
to heart that he, "concluded that he could not tell the
truth about Dimona to American leaders, not even in private."
Dr. Gerald M. Steinberg, political science professor at Bar-Ilan
University's BESA Center for Strategic Studies in Tel Aviv,
weighs in by saying, "Between 1961 and 1963, the Kennedy
administration placed a great deal of pressure on Ben-Gurion
in the effort to pressure for acceptance of international inspection
of Dimona and Israeli abdication of their nuclear weapons. This
pressure apparently did not alter Israeli policy, but it was
a contributing factor to Ben-Gurion's resignation in 1963."
To convey how serious this situation had become in modern terms,
look at what is happening in Iraq with United Nations security
teams inspecting the royal palaces and bunkers for nuclear weapons
and materials. This matter is so urgent that our nation is on
the verge of war. Forty years earlier, the heat that JFK was
placing on Ben-Gurion was equally as strong as what George Bush
is laying on Saddam Hussein today.
In Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen reinforces this point. "To
force Ben-Gurion to accept the conditions, Kennedy exerted the
most useful leverage available to an American president in dealing
with Israel: a threat that an unsatisfactory solution would
jeopardize the U.S. government's commitment to, and support
The pressure on Ben-Gurion was so immense that he ended up leaving
office. But Kennedy, in true pit-bull style, didn't let up on
Ben-Gurion's successor, Levi Eshkol, as Avner Cohen reports.
"Kennedy told Eshkol that the U.S. commitment and support
of Israel 'could be seriously jeopardized' if Israel did not
let the U.S. obtain 'reliable information' about its efforts
in the nuclear field. Kennedy's demands were unprecedented.
They amounted, in effect, to an ultimatum." Cohen concludes
this thought by asserting, "Kennedy's letter precipitated
a near-crisis situation in Eshkol's office."
In the end, as we're all aware, Kennedy was assassinated in
November 1963; but less known is that China conducted its first
nuclear test in October, 1964. What makes this event more profound
is Piper's claim that even though Israel said its first nuclear
tests took place in 1979, they actually occurred in October,
1964 along with the Chinese! If this is true, other than August,
1945 when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima
and Nagasaki, October 1964 may possibly be the most dangerous
month in 20th century history.
Let's return, though, to JFK's assassination and the direct
results of it in regard to the Jewish lobby, American foreign
policy, and the militarization of Israel. To understand how
powerful the Israeli lobby is in this country, venerable Senator
J. William Fulbright told CBS Face the Nation on April 15, 1973,
"Israel controls the U.S. Senate. The Senate is subservient,
much too much; we should be more concerned about U.S. interests
rather than doing the bidding of Israel. The great majority
of the Senate of the U.S. - somewhere around 80% - is completely
in support of Israel; anything Israel wants; Israel gets. This
has been demonstrated time and again, and this has made [foreign
policy] difficult for our government."
Do you hear what Senator Fulbright said? This isn't a crazy
conspiracy theorist or a KKK anti-Semite. It's a much-respected
U.S. Senator saying that about 80% of the Senate is in Israel's
hip pocket. Adding clout to this argument is Rep. Paul Findley,
who was quoted in The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs
in March, 1992, "During John Kennedy's campaign for the
presidency, a group of New York Jews had privately offered to
meet his campaign expenses if he would let them set his Middle
East policy. He did not agree
As the president, he provided
only limited support of Israel."
To understand how important Kennedy's decisions were during
his short-lived presidency, we need to look at the issue of
campaign finance. Considering how influential the Israeli lobby
is in the U.S. Senate (hearkening back to the words of Senator
Fulbright), they had to have been enraged when President Kennedy
genuinely wanted to cut the knees out from under the current
campaign finance methods because it made politicians so reliant
upon the huge cash inlays of special-interest groups. Regrettably,
Kennedy did not have the time to implement this program, and
to this day our political system is still monopolized by lobbyists
from the very same special-interest groups. One can only imagine
what changes would have occurred in regard to our foreign policy
had Kennedy eradicated these vipers and blood-suckers from the
halls of Congress.
Tragically, Kennedy's ideas never came to fruition, and his
heated battle with Prime Minister Ben-Gurion over whether Israel
should be allowed to develop a nuclear program was ultimately
lost. The reason why is that Lyndon Baines Johnson, who Kennedy
intended to drop from his ticket in 1964 due to his extreme
dislike for, had a complete reversal in foreign policy. As you
will see, not only did Israel's nuclear program move ahead unchecked;
they also became the primary beneficiary of our foreign aid.
this absolute turnaround would not have occurred if Kennedy
would not have been assassinated. Up until LBJ became president,
Kennedy dealt with the Middle East in a way that most benefited
the U.S. His primary goal - and one which would most keep the
peace - was a balance of power in the Middle East so that each
and every nation would be secure. This decision adhered to the
Tripartite Declaration which the U.S. signed in 1950. But under
the Johnson administration, this fragile balance was overturned,
and by 1967 - only four years after Kennedy's assassination
- the U.S. was Israel's main weapons supplier, and OUR best
interests were put well behind those of Israel!
As Michael Collins Piper writes: "The bottom line is this:
JFK was adamantly determined to stop Israel from building the
nuclear bomb. LBJ simply looked the other way. JFK's death did
indeed prove beneficial to Israel's nuclear ambitions and the
evidence proves it."
Reuven Pedatzer, in a review of Avner Cohen's Israel and the
Bomb, in the Israeli Newspaper Ha'aretz on February 5, 1999
wrote, "The murder of American president John F. Kennedy
brought to an abrupt end the massive pressure being applied
by the U.S. administration on the government of Israel to discontinue
their nuclear program." He continues, "Kennedy made
it quite clear to the Israeli Prime Minister that he would not
under any circumstances agree to Israel becoming a nuclear state."
Pedatzer concludes, "Had Kennedy remained alive, it is
doubtful whether Israel would today have a nuclear option,"
and that, "Ben-Gurion's decision to resign in 1963 was
taken to a large extent against the background of the tremendous
pressure that Kennedy was applying on him concerning the nuclear
If you're still not convinced; how about some numbers? In Kennedy's
last fiscal budget year of 1964, Israeli aid was $40 million.
In LBJ's first budget of 1965, it soared to $71 million, and
in 1966 more than tripled from two years earlier to $130 million!
Plus, during Kennedy's administration, almost none of our aid
to Israel was military in nature. Instead, it was split equally
between development loans and food assistance under the PL480
Program. Yet in 1965 under the Johnson administration, 20% of
our aid to Israel was for the military, while in 1966, 71% was
used for war-related materials.
Continuing in this same vein, in 1963 the Kennedy administration
sold 5 Hawk missiles to Israel as part of an air-defense system.
In 1965-66, though, LBJ laid 250 tanks on Israel, 48 Skyhawk
attack aircrafts, plus guns and artillery which were all offensive
in nature. If you ever wondered when the Israeli War Machine
was created, this is it! LBJ was its father.
According to Stephen Green in Taking Sides: America's Secret
Relations with a Militant Israel, "The $92 million in military
assistance provided in fiscal year 1966 was greater than the
total of all official military aid provided to Israel cumulatively
in all the years going back to the foundation of that nation
Green continues, "70% of all U.S. official assistance to
Israel has been military. America has given Israel over $17
billion in military aid since 1946, virtually all of which -
over 99% - has been provided since 1965."
Can you see what's happening here? Within two years of JFK's
assassination, Israel went from being a weak, outmatched member
of the volatile Middle Eastern community that was not allowed
to develop nuclear weapons to one that was well on its way to
becoming a undeniable military force on the world stage. John
Kennedy adamantly put his foot down and refused to allow Israel
to develop a nuclear program, while LBJ bent over backward to
facilitate and bolster them. Or, as Seymour Hersh wrote in The
Samson Option, "By 1968, the president had no intention
of doing anything to stop the Israeli bomb."
The result of this shift in focus from the Kennedy to Johnson
administration is, in my opinion, the PRIMARY reason behind
our current troubles in the Middle East which culminated in
the 9-11 attacks and our upcoming war with Iraq (and beyond).
I have a great deal of confidence in this statement, for as
Michael Collins Piper points out, here are the results of John
F. Kennedy's assassination:
1) Our foreign and military aid to Israel increased dramatically
once LBJ became president.
2) Rather than trying to maintain a BALANCE in the Middle East,
Israel suddenly emerged as the dominant force.
3) Since the LBJ administration, Israel has always had weaponry
that was superior to any of its direct neighbors.
4) Due to this undeniable and obvious increase in Israel's War
Machine, a constant struggle has been perpetuated in the Middle
5) LBJ also allowed Israel to proceed with its nuclear development,
resulting in them becoming the 6th largest nuclear force in
6) Finally, our huge outlays of foreign aid to Israel (approximately
$10 billion/year when all is said and done) has created a situation
of never-ending attacks and retaliation in the Middle East,
plus outright scorn and enmity against the U.S. for playing
the role of Israel's military enabler.
In Israel's, and especially David Ben-Gurion's eyes then, what
were their alternatives - to remain weakened (or at least balanced)
in relation to their neighbors and handcuffed by JFK's refusal
to bow to their will, or KILL the one man standing in their
way to becoming dominant in the Middle East, the recipient of
huge amounts of military aid, and one of the premier nuclear
forces in the world? It's something to think about. Also, while
these thoughts are running through your head, ask yourself this
question. If Kennedy, LBJ, and all subsequent administrations
would have adhered to the 1950 Tripartite Declaration and did
everything in their power to maintain balance in the Middle
East instead of pushing Israel to the forefront, would our Towers
have been attacked on 9-11, 2001, and would we be on the verge
of a possibly catastrophic war today? It's certainly something